Golf courses are categorized in many different ways like by their length, by ownership and by settings and designs.
Types of Golf courses by settings and designs
1) Links Golf Course: Links golf courses are the oldest style of golf courses, mostly found in the U.K. These courses are situated in the thin strip of sand, grass and dunes that lay between the sea and the agriculture land. Links style courses will have undulating fairways, sand dunes, deep bunkers and very few trees. Links are best for walking because they are quite compact, with short distances between a green and the next tee. The style of play on a links golf course is very different from the other types of golf courses. Due to costal location and lack of trees, many links courses are frequently windy. Most famous links courses are found in Ireland, Scotland, and Portmarnock.
2) Parkland Golf Course: Parkland golf courses are the typical type of golf course generally found in the U.S. Parkland golf courses are characterized by lush, inland setting, well-manicured turf, favorable weather, watered fairways and a lot of landscaping and trees.
3) Desert Golf Course: These courses are mostly found in the southwestern US and are considered as heavily irrigated course because these courses are situated in deserts. Many golfers enjoy the unique experience of playing golf in the desert because of the marvelous variety of plants and animal species.
4) Heath-land Golf Course: These courses are mostly found in U.K. Heath land courses are inland courses that are characterized by low growing shrubs, a landscape full of bushes, gentle slopes and few large trees.
5) Forest Golf Course: These courses are surrounded by dense woods.
6) Resort Golf Course: These courses are mostly found in Florida. Owned and run by hotels and resort companies for their guests, these courses provide stunning surroundings with trees, lakes and large shallow sand traps.
Types of Golf courses by Ownership
1) Private Golf Course: These courses are not open for public. To play on a private golf course one has to be a member or a guest of a member.
2) Public Golf Course: These courses are open for public and no membership is required. If anybody wants to play golf there then one only needs to pay green fee for the day.
3) Semi-private Golf course: These courses are the combination of above two golf courses because members of a golf course can play there at any time and non members are restricted to play on certain days or time.
4) Residential golf course: These courses are managed and owned by a community and are usually private and semi private.
Types of Golf courses by Length
1) Executive course: Executive course are different from the standard course because majority of the holes are par-3, with one or two par 4 holes and some par 5 holes. It is designed for golfers who do not have time to finish a full length course.
2) 18-holes: 18 holes are traditional set-up for a course. The total length of the course depends on the number of par 3, 4 and 5 holes.
3) 9-holes: Smaller communities often don’t have a full size course. They are made up of regulation length par 3, 4 and 5 holes. To play an 18-hole round, golfer can take a round twice.
4) Par-3: Par-3 entirely consists of par three holes. These golf courses are good for beginners who are still working on distance and for golfers who want to work on their short game.
Above mentioned are the different types of golf courses